Still mysterious for a large majority of the population, CBD arouses many curiosities. Zoom on the history of this hemp extract, with multiple natural properties. Even more CBD news in our special report
Hemp, a recognized ancestral plant
The origin of hemp
Used for centuries, hemp is one of the oldest plants cultivated by humans. It is estimated that its domestication dates back to about 8,000 BC, in the Neolithic period. Native to mountainous, humid regions and tropical areas, it is estimated that hemp comes from Central Asia, China or the borders of the Himalayas.
But over time and migrations, it quickly spread around the world. Its scientific name ” Cannabis Sativa L. ” is attributed to him that in 1753, by Carl von Linné, a Swedish naturalist, during the development of a modern system of classification of plants. In French, it will be translated as ” cultivated hemp “.
The multiple uses of hemp over time
Medicinal virtues sought
Through the ages and civilizations, seeds and the hemp resin, were recognized for their medicinal properties. For example, in China, he was considered herbal remedy to treat various ailments (mental illnesses, pain during childbirth, sleep, rheumatism, etc.).
Likewise, in Ancient Egypt, it was also widely used for calm inflammation. It was so renowned for its beneficial effects on health that in the 19th century in the West, hemp was used in many medicines. It could be bought and consumed as a mother tincture. Its multiple virtues were touted and it was administered as an antispasmodic, antidepressant, pain reliever and sedative.
But its popularity declined at the end of the century, with the arrival of aspirin and morphine in the pharmacopoeia. But also, because of the prohibitions attributed to it for its psychotropic effects.
Renowned textile fibers
Over the ages, hemp textile fibers were used for their great resistance. They were used in particular for making clothes and fabrics. The use of these fibers knew a real craze in the Middle Ages, in particular in France with Charlemagne, who encouraged the production of hemp.
With the particularity of growing in just four months, it made it possible to quickly weave sails and make ropes for ships. The maritime industry has used its fibers for many centuries. But also, hemp allowed the manufacture of paper. Besides, Gutenberg’s first bible was printed on hemp paper, just like the American constitution in 1776. However, during the industrial revolution, hemp was gradually replaced by cotton and other synthetic fibers.
The discovery of CBD
Hemp is a plant made up of nearly 130 cannabinoids, chemicals that act on the endocannabinoid system present in every human and mammal.