In France alone, nearly 10% of the population is affected by an eating disorder. Among them, anorexia and bulimia are particularly frequent pathologies, especially in women. Faced with these public health issues, it is whispered that the CBD represents a therapeutic tool. What is it really? CBD, modest legend or real medicinal benefit; we take stock in this article. To know more about the use of CBD in dietetics, read our dossier by clicking here.
Anorexia and bulimia: what are they exactly?
What is anorexia?
Anorexia is a psychiatric illness classified among eating disorders. It is characterized in particular by a refusal to eat, initially motivated by a desire for weight loss. It usually results in a lack of appetite and significant weight loss. 95% of people diagnosed with anorexia are women. This pathology is revealed most of the time during the period of adolescence, between the age of 12 and 20 years.
It generates risks of undernutrition, and can therefore have serious health consequences. Among the latter, we can for example include dietary deficiencies, modification of the female cycle with the possibility of long-term sterility, repeated infections, hypersensitivity to drugs, cerebral edemas, or even heart attacks…
What are the symptoms of anorexia?
This eating disorder often sets in gradually and insidiously. There are, however, several signs that should alert those around you. The first is the excessive fear of gaining weight, and the obsessive desire to maintain a body index below the norm. This is because people with anorexia have a distorted view of their own body. There is a real altered self-perception. Whatever his weight, the victim always thinks he is “too fat” and can not bear to see the slightest area of fat.
This creates a real gap between the point of view of relatives who observe a increasingly worrying weight loss, and the point of view of the individual concerned, who has the impression of having to refine more and more, to the point of putting himself in danger.
What is bulimia?
Like anorexia, bulimia is an eating disorder. However, this pathological relationship to food manifests itself differently. It is characterized by seizures where the victim feels a overwhelming urge to eat a lot of food.
These seizures usually do not exceed two hours, and are repeated on a regular basis, often up to two per week for at least three months. This pathology affects a majority of women.
It is estimated that there would only exist 1 man concerned for 19 women. Moreover, bulimia mainly concerns young people. It frequently begins around the end of adolescence. Its consequences on health are numerous, such as kidney failure, dental damage or esophagitis.
What are the symptoms of bulimia?
In the context of bulimia, there are phases of excessive and uncontrolled food ingestion that can reach 3000 calories. These are experienced by the victim as a loss of control, and create a strong sense of shame and guilt. So much so that the individuals concerned often come to make themselves vomit after the moments of disproportionate food consumption.
Others also intensive physical exercise or the use of medications such as laxatives or diuretics. There is therefore an alternation between periods of irrepressible crises and an intense desire to “compensate” for the harmful effects of the compulsive attitude.
The bulimic person then falls into a vicious circle, almost similar to a ritual, from which it can have great difficulty to come out.
Everything you need to know about the use of cannabidiol in the context of eating disorders
The role of the endocannabinoid system in eating disorders
The origins of eating disorders are still unclear. It is generally believed that they are multifactorial order. In particular, we are talking about a mixture of psychological, genetic, biological, family, social and environmental factors. However, the latest studies tend to show a possible link between eating disorders and the endocannabinoid system.
This physiological device is composed, among others, of different receptors CB1 and CB2 placed in various areas of the human body. The endocannabinoid system is said to have an impact on ghrelin, the digestive hormone of hunger, and consequently on the control of the appetite. Anorexia and bulimia could therefore be explained by a potential imbalance of this endocannabinoid system. More precisely, anorexia would fall under a increase in H1 receptors in cortical brain areas. Bulimia is also the subject of too high a density of H1, but located in the cortex of the islets.
Using CBD to regulate the endocannabinoid system and better control your appetite
Among its many medical virtues, CBD would indeed be an interesting tool in the face of eating disorders. This is because cannabidiol could help people with anorexia or bulimia by rebalancing the endocannabinoid system.
The consumption of therapeutic cannabis is said to have in particular the function of stimulate H1 receptors, and thus trigger, depending on the pathology encountered, a feeling of hunger or a feeling of satiety. CBD would therefore be effective in the fight against anorexia like bulimia. In addition, by acting on the endocannabinoid system, CBD also allowsintervene on depression.
In people with depression, the rate of neurogenesis is low. Cannabidiol then promotes the regeneration of these neurons by receptors in the hippocampus. You should also know that stress plays an important role in the face of food urges.
Known for its relaxing effect, CBD also allows people with anorexia and bulimia toadopt a more serene relationship with food.
How to use CBD to fight against anorexia and bulimia?
the cannabidiol is marketed in different forms. In the context of therapeutic use, theCBD oil is particularly practical to use. Simply place a few drops under the tongue, using the pipette dedicated for this purpose. Some will also like to simply pour it on their plate. Perfectly legal, this solution is ideal for enjoy the benefits of CBD with ease. Whatever your choice, it is important to opt for a high quality certified organic hemp oil.