The entourage effect: a mixture of cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids
To take advantage ofentourage effect, it is essential that the product used contains a mixture of the active ingredients, present in the cannabis plant. Let’s see which ones.
Cannabinoids and the entourage effect
Main components of hemp, cannabinoids interact with the endocannabinoid system (ECS) which brings together the central nervous system and the immune system, of every human being and mammal. The most popular molecules belonging to this family are CBD and THC. But there are many others, including three that actively participate in the entourage effect.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the most popular phytocannabinoid, but also the most maligned. By stimulating endocannabinoid receptors, it causes psychoactive actions and addictions. He is known for his soaring and relaxing effects, but also as an appetite stimulator. THC is considered to be a narcotic drug, which places its cultivation, sale and consumption as illegal. However, a THC level of less than 0.2% is allowed in finished products in France.
Cannabidiol is the second most common ingredient in hemp. 100% legal in France, unlike THC, it is neither psychotropic nor addictive. CBD plays a regulatory role at the level of endocannabinoid receptors and will thus moderate the perception of pain, reduce stress and fight against nerve and skin inflammation. It is considered a natural well-being solution to solve all the little worries of everyday life and promote general well-being. It is also the subject of promising studies to relieve certain neurodegenerative diseases such as multiple sclerosis or epilepsy.
CBC or cannabichrome is the third most common cannabinoid in the cannabis flower. Much like CBD, it is non-psychoactive and offers similar benefits. Although few studies are available on it for isolated use, it strongly contributes to the entourage effect, especially coupled with CBD.
Cannabigerol, also known as CBG, has a strong anti-stress action. It does not cause hallucinogenic or euphoric effects either. In addition, it inhibits the effects of THC by blocking the activation of serotonin. Our flower Orange Bud CBG contains a high concentration of CBG its taste qualities are often coveted.
Although it is produced when THC is broken down, canabinol (CBN) has no psychotropic action. On the other hand, it has somewhat stronger sedative effects than other cannabinoids. It is therefore useful for fighting anxiety and promoting sleep.
Terpenes and the entourage principle
Terpenoids are aromatic compounds that give rise to the taste and smell of hemp. Depending on the variety of the plant grown, they will alter the flavor and scent of the cannabis flower. The top five terpenes are myrcene, limonene, linalool, pinene, and beta-caryophyllene. They all have targeted natural properties (anti-inflammatory, anxiolytic, antibacterial, relaxing) and will strengthen the action of cannabinoids.
Flavonoids and the entourage effect
Naturally present in plants, flavonoids also play a role in the flavors, colors and smell of each variety of hemp flowers. Cannabis has been shown to be composed of cannaflavin A, B and C, three flavonoids with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant benefits. Like terpenes, they combine with other hemp compounds to boost the entourage effect.