All you need to know about the migraine attack
Migraine is a mild neurological disease, but the symptoms of which can significantly affect the quality of life. It manifests itself by regular headaches of varying intensity, sometimes accompanied by digestive disorders.
How to recognize a migraine?
Migraine pain occurs in attacks ranging from 4 to 72 hours depending on the patient. These attacks appear recurrently, usually several times a month. They can get worse in the face of light, noise, or physical exertion. According to statistics, migraines start in childhood or adolescence.
However, they tend to become more invasive in adulthood, especially between the ages of 30 and 40. We then see a regression of this disorder with age.
Symptoms of migraine
The headaches caused by migraine have very specific characteristics. Pulsative, the latter are described by patients as a kind of painful “back and forth” in one or both sides of the head, at the temples, or above the eyes. They can arise from a simple embarrassment, but also become unbearable.
At the same time, we sometimes observe nausea, vomiting, dizziness, fatigue, unusual pallor, visual disturbances, sensory disturbances, or even language disorders.
How to explain migraines?
Causes of migraine
According to recent discoveries, migraine could be explained in certain genetic parameters. In fact, people with migraine suffer, among other things, from an electrical hyperexcitability of sensory neurons linked to a mutation of a gene. More precisely, the electrical activity of these neurons is parameterized by a protein.
In migraine patients, this protein is split into two parts, which leads to dysfunction. One of them is inactive when the other is overactive. In addition, migraine could also be explained by a low level of serotonin. Indeed, the latter causes an abnormal dilation of the cerebral blood vessels. Themselves would then be at the origin migraine attacks.
Individuals with a genetic predisposition to migraine may experience seizures for no reason. But most of the time, it is possible to identify a trigger. The latter can vary greatly depending on the person and the situation.
Among the best known, we can cite stress, lack of sleep, annoyance, change in the rhythm of life, tobacco, alcohol, coffee, consumption of certain foods, noise, smells, lights. flashing, or even the weather. The list is not exhaustive … In women, migraine can also be explained by hormonal factors, including estrogen levels.
For example, it is not uncommon to observe more frequent migraine attacks a few days before and a few days after the period.