The hemp plant is one of a kind. It has fascinated for centuries and has been used for generations by certain cultures for its many virtues. Some cultures use hemp medicinally, others use cannabis in food or in cosmetics.
According to science, there are more than 500 natural components in hemp leaves.
The best known among them are cannabinoids.
How many cannabinoids are there in hemp?
Currently 130 cannabinoids have been counted in the different cannabis strains.
The best known and most maligned of all is undoubtedly the THC. CBD is also one of the cannabinoids the most famous just behind the THC. Then come the CBG, the CBC and the CBN.
What is THC?
the THC Where tetrahydrocannabinol, is the most well-known cannabinoid in the hemp plant. It is also to him that we owe them euphoric and psychotropic effects cannabis. Because of its harmful effects, it is banned in France and is classified as amazing.
THC would however have many beneficial effects among which of the pain-relieving effects, from calming effects and act among other things as a muscle relaxant or even on appetite disorders.
What is CBD?
CBD, or cannabidiol, is one of the main cannabinoids in cannabis plant.
CBD has no psychotropic or euphoric effects. It is perfectly legal in France and is moreover marketed in different forms.
You will most often find it in its most natural form, the CBD flower that you can consume as an infusion, vaporization or even in culinary preparations.
You will also find cannabidiol in the form ofhemp oil, also called CBD oil, which you can consume by placing a few drops under the tongue or adding a few drops to a drink or a dish.
There are also other modes of consumption for CBD such as CBD E-Liquids, capsules, or even body creams.
CBD is used around the world for its many virtues among which, his anti-inflammatory properties, anti nausea but also relaxing and relaxing.
Cannabidiol is becoming more and more popular and is also very popular with athletes who recognize its benefits, especially for the stress management and for the muscle recovery after the effort.
What is CBG?
CBG, or cannabigerol is a cannabinoid less known than THC and CBD but which nevertheless seems to have properties comparable to those of cannabidiol. Like its big brother CBD, it has the advantage of not causing no psychoactive effect. As with CBD, products based on CBG are likely to develop but its low concentration in the hemp plant makes its price still high.
There are, however, some flowers such as the Orange Bud CBG or the Star Five CBG which are very affordable and allow you to discover the benefits of cannabigerol (CBG).
What is the CBC?
The CBC, or cannabichromene, is the third cannabinoid found in the cannabis flower. It is made after the CBCA has been exposed to light and heat. Although few studies are to date available on the effects of CBC as such, it would appear that this cannabinoid plays an important role in theentourage effect. CBC, like CBD, CBG, and other cannabinoids found in hemp, does not exhibit psychotropic effects. It is therefore legal and is not one of the illegal products, as is the case in France for THC.
What is CBN?
CBN, or cannabinol, along with THC, CBD, CBG and CBC, is part of the five most famous cannabinoids of the hemp plant. Together they contribute toentourage effect so sought after by consumers.
CBN is a cannabinoid that is not produced right away in the hemp plant cycle. It develops as the THC ages. But unlike the latter, CBN does not cause any psychotropic effects and is therefore not considered narcotic.
How do cannabinoids work on the body?
As we have seen, many cannabinoids present in the hemp plant can have effects on the body. But how do these interactions between cannabinoids and the human body actually work?
To understand this, we must first take a closer look at the endocannabinoid system.
The Endocannabinoid System
Everyone knows the the nervous system and the immune system but far fewer of us have ever heard of endocannabinoid system. And yet! For scientists, it would represent one of the most important systems for human health.
Research carried out in the 90s demonstrated that our body had the capacity to manufacture substances similar to THC, capable of stimulating the same receptors as cannabinoids.
CB1 and CB2 receptors
Scientists have also discovered the presence in the human body of two cannabinoid receptors, the CB1 and the CB2.
- the CB1 is mainly present in the central nervous system and peripheral nerve endings.
- the CB2 is mainly present in cells of the immune system but also, in smaller proportions, in the central nervous system.
The SEC (endocannabinoid system) plays an important role in the regulation and in the physiological balance of the human body.
More research needs to be done on this and we’ll be sure to share the latest findings on the endocannabinoid system and cannabinoids in general with you.