True success in the well-being sector, cannabidiol (CBD) is marketed in many forms. One of the most popular is undoubtedly theCBD oil, a quick and easy way to reap the benefits of cannabinoids. But what is really inside this mysterious little vial? Let’s discover together all the secrets of CBD oil… To find out more, do not hesitate to consult our great guide Choosing a CBD oil, what you need to know
What exactly is CBD oil?
How do you get CBD oil?
To understand where CBD oil comes from, one must first know the definition of cannabidiol. And it is very simple! Cannabidiol, more commonly known as CBD, is a molecule extracted from the cannabis plant with multiple virtues. It is part of the great cannabinoid family, just like the much-maligned THC. However, unlike this sidekick, she has no addictive or psychoactive effects. Even its potential side effects are rare and mild!
Result: the CBD is a legal and natural product which is all the rage in Western countries! Through various extraction methods, such as liquid solvent extraction, dry ice extraction, CO2 extraction, or edible oil extraction, cannabidiol is harvested from the cannabis plant. and is presented in a fatty and liquid appearance, the composition of which is particularly rich. This is then added to a vegetable oil, then refined through a process called “hivernage”. It is only at the end of this last step that we obtain the famous CBD oil as known to the general public.
CBD oil: use
If CBD oil is so successful, it is because it is very convenient to use. Most people take it sublingually, using a pipette. Just drop a few drops under the tongue, and the results will be felt in just 15 to 30 minutes! The gesture is simple and quick, which allows you to use your CBD oil everywhere with complete discretion. Other people also enjoy using CBD oil in massage, especially to relieve painful areas after exercise. Still others prefer to integrate it directly into their diet.
For example, CBD oil is ideal in a salad dressing! It then takes a few hours to feel the effects of cannabidiol on the body. Besides, what are the benefits? Difficult to name them all as there are so many! CBD is known for its analgesic, anti-inflammatory, neuro-protective, anti-spasmodic, anticonvulsant, antipsychotic, and even antidepressant properties. Thanks to its action on the endocannabinoid system, it can relieve multiple daily ailments.
The composition of CBD oil
Vegetable oils used
In its manufacturing process, CBD oil is always combined with vegetable oil. Most CBD oils contain hemp oil, which is itself made by cold pressing of hemp seeds. Did you know ? Hemp seeds are excellent for health, because they benefit from a great nutritional richness, such as vitamin E, omega-3, omega-6, vegetable proteins, or even insoluble fibers … Other oils can be used, like olive oil, but also MCT oil, obtained from a fractionation process, which consists in separating fatty acids according to their molecular mass. MCT oil is liquid coconut oil that contains only fatty acids that are 6 to 12 carbon atoms in length, which allows the body to convert fat into energy. The benefits, especially on digestion, are multiple.
The CBD percentage
A CBD oil is always reported with a percentage, usually ranging from 5 to 40%. What is it about ? It’s all about the CBD dosage! As you will have understood, the higher the percentage, the greater the CBD dosage. Many people wonder about the number of drops of CBD to take per day: the answer depends precisely on this dosage, but also on your morphology, the problem being treated, and the response of your body.
However, it is recommended to always start slowly, and gradually increase the doses, until the desired effect is obtained.
Full Spectrum and Broad Spectrum mentions
CBD oils sometimes have certain specific terms. “Full Spectrum”, “Broad Spectrum” … No, these are not magic formulas straight out of the Harry Potter saga! But it is true that these terms can seem complex to novices. CBD says “Full Spectrum” is full spectrum CBD. This means that it comes from the complete extraction of the cannabis plant, and all parts of it are used, such as leaves, seeds, or the stems.
Result: this CBD oil contains all the soluble molecules of hemp, such as cannabidiol, but also many other cannabinoids, such as CBN, CBG, but also traces of THC. The so-called “Broad Spectrum” CBD is broad spectrum CBD. In other words, this CBD oil benefits from a composition similar to “Full Spectrum” CBD, but without THC. For this, an additional step has been added to the extraction process, making it possible to remove all traces of tetrahydrocannabinol. Only other non-psychoactive cannabinoids are present.
CBD: difference between isolate and distillate
As for the CBD isolate, it is more than 99% pure CBD extract. It comes in the form of powdered crystals and does not smell or taste like hemp. It is a raw product which is frequently used in the pharmaceutical industries. For good reason, the CBD isolate cannot be used alone, it is an ingredient that is used, among other things, to create certain CBD products. Conversely, the CBD distillate, obtained by distillation, benefits from a high content of CBD, but also other terpenes and cannabinoids.
It is however devoid of THC. It is one of the most refined forms of CBD, used as an ingredient to make CBD infused food products, or even CBD cartridges for vaping… The list is not exhaustive.
The concept of entourage effect
Entourage effect: explanations
It’s impossible to tell you about CBD oil without addressing the entourage effect! This concept was discovered in 1998 by an Israeli cannabis researcher named Raphael Méchoulam. He realized that the different components of the cannabis plant offered better results when used together. The entourage effect is therefore the synergies created by the interaction of these different components. You should know that the entourage effect is highly sought after by the most expert CBD consumers!
Indeed, it allows to optimize the benefits of CBD, and to benefit from the complete virtues of the cannabis plant. It is precisely for this reason that “Full spectrum” and “Broad spectrum” CBD oils are successful! They contain cannabidiol, but also other terpenes and cannabinoids, which activates this famous entourage effect.
The other components of hemp
Hemp contains many cannabinoids, over 140 to be exact! Among them, there is CBD, but also lesser-known molecules, of which here are a few examples: CBG (cannabigerol), with relaxing and antioxidant properties, without psychoactive effect, and which is the first cannabinoid to develop in the cannabis plant . CBN (cannabinol), with soothing and anti-inflammatory properties. It is a derivative of THC, and therefore a molecule with psychoactive effects. THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), well known, among other things, for its pain-relieving benefits, but banned in France because it is considered narcotic.
CBDV (cannabidivarrine), a non-psychoactive cannabinoid, quite similar to CBD from a molecular point of view, and beneficial in relieving certain neurological disorders. In addition to the multiple cannabinoids present in hemp, there are also terpenes. There are more than 2000 in the cannabis plant, these molecules are produced by many plants, benefit from odoriferous properties, and participate in the entourage effect. Finally, flavonoids are present in hemp, as in many other plants. They benefit from an anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective action. Of course, their presence participates, like all the other elements, in the entourage effect.