Cannabis flowers are endowed with complex chemistry, of which THC and CBD are the most well-known molecules. While some studies have demonstrated their potential, researchers are currently studying other compounds. This is particularly the case with CBG. Indeed, scientists have discovered many attributes that are very promising. What are the benefits of CBG? Can we say today that CBG is better than CBD?
What is CBG?
First, it is important to understand where CBG comes from. Indeed, cannabis produces a diverse range of molecules, of which there are on average 100 cannabinoids. Generally, we first think of CBD (cannabidiol) and its many benefits, then of THC, considered illegal and which has a psychotropic action.
CBG is also a molecule found in hemp. Also called cannabigerol, it is a non-psychotropic cannabinoid derived from the cannabis plant. CBG levels vary among varieties of the cannabis plant, but are usually found in low amounts, making it difficult to extract.
Currently, CBG is considered to be the precursor to other cannabinoids. This is because while this cannabinoid might initially seem insignificant, it is actually responsible for creating CBD, THC, and other compounds. This explains why it is generally present at concentrations below 1% in most varieties of hemp, because it will have been largely processed.
How is CBG made?
Let us first remember that cannabis plants harness the power of photosynthesis in order to convert light energy into simple sugars, intended to serve as a source of energy. These energy units will thus allow the plant to carry out physiological processes, such as metabolic functions.
Using the acetyl-CoA coenzyme, plants then initiate a long and complex process that involves a cascade of chemical reactions. At the end of the process, cannabis plants benefit from two molecules, called geranyl pyrophosphate (GP) and olivetolic acid (OA). To form CBG, all it takes is a reaction between GP and OA.
CBD and CBG: what are the differences?
Although it comes from the cannabis plant, CBD has some differences from CBG, starting with its chemical structure and its level of concentration. Indeed, as CBG is found in small quantities in plant materials, it is only recently that producers have paid attention to optimizing the levels of this molecule in products such as oils, flowers, herbal teas, etc. food supplements or even CBD balms.
The other difference between CBD and CBG is their affinity for cannabinoid receptors. CBD has been found to have a low affinity for cannabinoid receptors, unlike CBG, which has a high affinity for cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2.
This affinity for cannabinoid receptors makes CBG effective in improving many health problems. However, research is still too limited today to draw any real conclusions. Future quality research will allow a more objective comparison of these molecules.
Finally, you should know that there are also similarities between CBD and CBG. For example, even though they interact with the endocannabinoid system (ECS), CBD and CBG cannot make you feel like you are “high”. They are not psychotropic drugs.
What are the effects of CBG?
Still relatively unknown, the effects of CBG are of interest to many scientists and manufacturers of hemp-derived products. Not psychotropic, it approaches the effects of CBD, or cannabidiol. In particular, CBG is beginning to be recognized for its soothing, analgesic, anti-inflammatory and “appetite-boosting” benefits.
Does CBG give energy?
Like CBD, CBG has soothing and anxiolytic properties. This discreet cannabinoid therefore makes it easier to fall asleep at night and guarantees a more restful sleep. Indeed, when we feel relaxed and sleep well, we inevitably have more energy during the day. Consumers also report that CBG can have an “invigorating” effect.
What are the effects of CBG on the brain?
According to some researchers, CBG inhibits the capture of GABA, a neurotransmitter that is involved in at least 30% of the brain’s synapses. This phenomenon would lead to muscle relaxation and reduce anxiety.
CBG would also improve the regeneration of new cells in the brain and therefore fight against certain neurodegenerative diseases. For example, a 2015 study showed that CBG protected neurons in mice with Huntington’s disease, which is characterized by degeneration of nerve cells in the brain.
Does CBG tire?
Although CBG is found in low amounts in cannabis plants, it can, like CBD, cause unwanted effects such as fatigue in some people.
Are there any benefits of CBG?
Although unlike CBD, research on CBG is still poor, early studies on this subject already suggest several benefits. According to the scientific journal of the Sciencedirect information platform, the CBG would have an effective action on:
- Inflammation: Like CBD, CBG has anti-inflammatory effects on the body. It could therefore be effective in relieving certain disorders such as Crohn’s disease or irritable bowel syndrome. It would also provide relief to people who suffer from skin diseases, such as psoriasis.
- Appetite: Cannabis is well known to increase cravings. And contrary to popular belief, this is not associated with THC. Some studies have found that increased appetite is in fact linked to CBG.
- Glaucoma: a powerful vasodilator, CBG is believed to be effective in the treatment of glaucoma, a pathology of the optic nerve causing a reduction in vision. It would precisely reduce eye pressure.
- Pain: CBG binds to vanilloid receptors, some of which are recognized for their role in transmitting pain signals to the central nervous system.
- Mood: Research on mice has found improved mood with CBG.
- Anxiety: CBG has soothing virtues, able to act effectively on stress and depression.
- The musculoskeletal system: in the near future, CBG could play an important role in the bone healing process, especially in the case of loss of bone density or osteoporosis.
- Cancer: CBG, like CBD, seems to offer anti-cancer properties. Studies on mice have shown that CBG may be able to interfere with the formation of cancer cells, especially in melanoma or colon cancer.
- Bacteria: CBG is just as effective as some antibiotics given for severe infections. CBG would thus be very promising on all Gram-positive bacteria, and in particular Staphylococcus.
Does CBG help with memory?
To date, no study has confirmed the effect of CBG on memory. In contrast, a recent study has shown that CBD may improve blood flow to parts of the brain, associated with memory and decision making. Since CBG is a molecule that is similar to CBD, this suggests that it too could help memory.
Buying CBG, is it possible?
Are you curious to discover CBG-based products? If this cannabinoid is currently the subject of a legal vacuum in France and in Europe, the purchase of CBG is quite possible, just like the purchase of CBD. You can find it in specialty shops that sell CBD products.
CBG oils are a relatively new concept, with CBD oils currently very popular. However, some specialized companies today have the know-how to isolate and produce natural CBG oils.
Flowers at CBG
Now it is also possible to buy flowers from CBG. Usually the harvesting method is different from other cannabinoids in order to get the highest possible level of CBG. For this, the plants are cut before they mature.
Finally, be aware that you can also buy products made from CBG and CBD at a wholesaler in order to become a reseller. At CBDGUM, we currently offer a “Reseller” program of CBD products.
So, is it better to buy CBG or CBD?
Depending on the desired benefits, you can favor a flower with an interesting rate of CBG, sometimes even higher than that of CBD. However, CBG has not yet been studied very much, which does not allow us to give an exact answer. Much less well known than CBD, its potential should be confirmed in the years to come. However, keep in mind that the combined effect of CBG and CBD will likely be beneficial.
Can we take CBD and CBG together?
It is quite possible to consume CBD and CBG products together. It is also a very good way to make the most of the benefits of these two cannabinoids.
If you want to experience the entourage effect (interaction between different compounds in the cannabis plant), you can turn to broad spectrum oils or natural CBD and CBG oils.
This is because the benefits multiply when you consume more than one cannabinoid at the same time. According to some studies, CBD is ideal for bodily – physical relaxation, while CBG is more effective for neurological – mental relaxation.
Is CBG Stronger Than CBD?
CBG is not known to be stronger than CBD. When cannabis is harvested, dried and processed, its CBG content is often less than 1%. This is why it is considered a “minor” cannabinoid.
Does CBG Get You High?
No, CBG doesn’t get you high. Although they come from the same plant, the molecules of CBG and THC do not produce the same effects on the body. Whether consumed in the form of oil or flowers, CBG does not cause any psychotropic effects. Its immediate effects closely resemble those conferred by CBD: relaxants and pain relievers.